Over the years of research, scientists have managed to identify several genealogical branches of human civilization, most of which have been little studied. One of them is the so-called Denisovan man.
A fragment of his remains - a milk molar tooth - was discovered in 1984 in Denisova Cave in the Soloneshensky District of the Altai Territory. Later, in 2000, another tooth was discovered, and in 2008 - the bone of the last phalanx of the child's finger.
Denisovans inhabited the Earth at the same time as Neanderthals and the ancestors of modern people. There is very little information about them - with the exception of a few bone fragments found. However, using the DNA available to scientists, it became possible to reconstruct their appearance.
Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem used a DNA sample to restore the appearance of a young Denisovan woman. As it turned out, it combined the features of a modern man, a Neanderthal man - as well as some features that were unique to Denisovans.
According to the reconstruction, they had wider skulls compared to other human species and lacked a chin. They were characterized by large dental arches, longer faces and sloping foreheads like Neanderthals. In total, 56 anatomical features were identified that distinguished the Denisovans from us and the Neanderthals, and 34 differences were in the structure of the skull.