One way to describe the metamorphosis that will occur to a particular region as the global temperature rises is to compare it to an existing analogue in another climatic zone. American researchers calculated and were horrified - while maintaining the current volume of emissions into the atmosphere by 2080, all cities in America would move 800 km to the south. For example, cozy metropolitan Washington, where there is a beautiful snowfall at Christmas, will become a hot swamp, akin to the lower reaches of the Mississippi.
Climatologist Matt Fitzpatrick of the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Sciences has developed an interactive map that shows the approximate direction of "displacement" of major US cities by 2080. The modeling is based on average forecasts for 540 urban districts across the country - and, as is typical, everywhere they promise the transition of regions to a hotter and drier climate than now. Yes, until this date is still more than half a century, but this is a reason to think for those who are now entering adulthood - a chance to assess in what weather conditions it will have to be spent.
Alas, Fitzpatrick has so far reflected on the map only changes for the United States, so residents of all other countries will have to be content with comparisons. For example, if cold and windy Chicago moves from the shores of the Great Lakes to the plains near Kansas City, then rainy St. Petersburg to Tver or Yaroslavl. Comparatively comfortable Houston will be like the Mexican desert, and the Krasnodar Territory can expect something similar. The permafrost of Siberia, most likely, is generally awaiting amazing metamorphoses.
Of course, the map reflects only one of the versions of the development of events, it is compiled more for clarity, to conceptualize complex calculations and forecasts. In fact, scientists fear much worse - that the new climate in different parts of the planet will be unlike anything known. It can be any combination of familiar weather parameters or something apocalyptic, as if taken from descriptions for distant worlds.