The rejection of the use of intricate combinations of characters as an access password is inevitable due to the fact that 99% of users in the world have ceased to remember them. And write down on a piece of paper too - when the passwords became more difficult "password123", they turned into a burden. However, a universal alternative to them has not yet been invented - more precisely, IT giants, one after another, are entering a race for the right to introduce and distribute a new authentication standard.
Recently Microsoft introduced the free Microsoft Authenticator service, which is similar in many respects to Google Authenticator. You just need to enter the basic text password once per working session to enter the main account, after which the system will send other forms of identity verification when activating different programs. It can be simply unlocking a smartphone with a PIN code, scanning a fingerprint, scanning a face through the "Hello" system and a webcam - which is more convenient in a particular case, it will be offered to the user.
Another new addition from Yubikey 5 is a physical personal universal access key based on a simple USB stick. It uses the open standard FIDO2 authentication known as passwordless login. You can write down old passwords from different Internet accounts on the key, insert the key into the gadget, launch the Google Chrome, Firefox or Microsoft Edge browser, and the data will be automatically pulled up when you log into your accounts. There is NFC support for devices without USB, but, like in childhood, you will have to think about a string around your neck - losing a physical key will be expensive.
Apple cannot demand such sacrifices from its fans, therefore, with the disappearance of the Home button on the iPhone, it offers to completely rely on authentication by scanning the user's face. This solution has many indirect drawbacks, but no passwords - and so far experts do not dare to draw conclusions whose approach will be the most convenient and in demand in the end. But the fact that the time for text passwords is passing is already a recognized fact.