Researchers at the University of South Australia have found a link between aerobic exercise and the development of brain neuroplasticity. Exercise doesn’t make us smarter, but it does help to keep the brain in good shape and improve the quality of some of its functions. Developing the theory, the Australians experimentally developed two types of exercises to improve neuroplasticity.
Neuroplasticity is the ability of the brain to rebuild itself, to form new neural connections, nodes and active areas in response to living conditions. Memory, mastering professional skills, personal experience, habits, everything that forms a person's personality, it all depends on neuroplasticity. The higher its level, the easier and faster a person adapts to new conditions and assimilates information.
Scientists have known for a long time that aerobics in general is good for the brain. Their task was to identify those factors that best affect precisely neuroplasticity. For the experiments, a group of volunteers was selected from 128 healthy people aged 18 to 65 years. They were instructed to perform a continuous series of simple exercises of low and high intensity in stages.
Using transcranial magnetic stimulation, the team measured changes in subjects' neuroplasticity before and after exercise. The highest level of change was recorded after 20 minutes of intense interval training, as well as after 25 minutes of continuous moderate aerobic exercise. These two types of exercise have been found to be the most beneficial for the development of neuroplasticity.