In recent years, it has become obvious that viruses that cause dangerous infections mutate under the influence of various factors, acquiring new, sometimes even more threatening forms. The Ebola virus was no exception. His new strain was identified by researchers at the University of California Davis in one of the species of bats that live in Sierra Leone.
The virus was named Bombali. After a series of laboratory tests, its danger to humans has not yet been established. Bats, which have excellent immunity, are believed to be the natural carriers of the Ebola virus. Thanks to this, they are still immune to some fatal diseases. However, through saliva and feces, viruses enter the body of humans and animals. The events of 2014-2015 are still fresh in the memory, when more than 11, 000 people died as a result of the Ebola epidemic in West Africa.
“The outbreak of the Ebola epidemic then literally devastated many local communities in Sierra Leone, ” says the country's minister of technical and higher education, Professor Ayia Gbakima. “It is important for us to understand what is happening with these viruses and what causes them to infect people. There is also much work to be done to understand the dynamics of transmission of the virus. In this regard, the identification of the Bombali virus in local bats is an important step in this direction. ”