How Deaf Scientists Create a New Scientific Language

The world of science is a world of jargon. Numerous abstract, obscure words and their combinations, which denote some extremely complex objects, concepts and processes occurring with them. Mitochondria, synapses, metastasis, denuclearization, macrophages - most of these things cannot be shown on the fingers, drawn, or even explained without using other complex expressions.

But this must be done, because the results of research must be conveyed to society. Today this issue has reached a new level, when people began to communicate not only with each other, but also with machines. And then a problem arose: how to correctly convey the essence of a complex command through a combination of the most simple signals? The key may lie in the techniques used in the language of the deaf.

Lorne Farovich is a PhD student in Translational Biomedical Sciences from the University of Rochester and is deaf. Lorne is fluent in the American language of the deaf and is engaged in its evolution to meet the requirements of the times. He turns complex concepts into simple gestures, for example, the abbreviation DNA can be shown as a combination of the letters "D", "H" and "K", but Farovich presents it in the form of a gesture, as if he twists a spiral and stretches it in length - an image of a DNA molecule ...

But the word "mitochondria" is already long and difficult to convey in this way, and what to do when you need to designate something that no one has ever seen? The same Planck constant or the event horizon in a black hole? You have to reinvent a lot and experiment a lot, and you can learn about some of the successes of Farovich and his colleagues in this overview video.