Researchers at Australian National University, led by Vincent Darius and Vinny Gautam, have developed a material that supports the growth of brain cells that could be the basis for brain prosthetics technologies.
Scientists have grown brain cells on a semiconductor wafer with a pattern of nanowires that serve as a scaffold. The goal of the researchers is to learn how to form neural circuits grown on the basis of cellular scaffolds. With their help, constructions for neuroprosthetics will be created in the future.
According to Dr. Vincent Darius, the brain on a chip will allow us to understand how neurons form computational circuits and process information. He further explained:
“With the help of a certain geometry of nanowires, we have determined that neurons are closely connected with each other and represent a single functional circuit. We managed to form predictable connections between neurons and synchronize them with neurons in the brain. "
Advances in technology could lead scientists to develop neuroprostheses that will repair the brain after damage from car accidents, strokes, or neurological diseases.