Even people who are not particularly versed in the intricacies of oncology know that the sooner a malignant tumor is detected, the easier it is to overcome it. However, in the arsenal of modern medicine there are not so many tools for this: good old X-rays, ultrasound and not so new computed tomography.
In addition, they and a number of other techniques have many disadvantages associated with patient safety. So, for example, with melanoma, it is strictly forbidden to conduct a biopsy - cutting off a piece of skin for analysis, which can provoke metastases.
A new, in its own way unique technology for early detection of malignant tumors based on hyperspectral tissue analysis can become a lifesaver for oncologists. The method was developed in Samara by specialists from the local national university.
Oncopathology is detected using a hyperspectral video camera that is completely safe for patients. The hyperspectral camera differs from the usual “color” camera, which recognizes red, blue and green colors, in a much richer “palette”, consisting of thousands of colors and shades, and allows viewing the body in many spectral ranges at once.
With the help of hyperspectral analysis, you can scan both large and individual, point areas of the body. Even the slightest malignant changes in cells that are spectrally different from healthy cells will not escape the attentive "gaze" of the camera.
On the basis of the already created prototype, in 2-3 years, Samara scientists intend to create an inexpensive serial sample that will be "affordable" even for small district polyclinics.