Nikolai Novgorodov, representing the Tomsk branch of the Russian Geographical Society, is convinced that at one time the army of Alexander the Great went not at all to India, but in a completely opposite direction - to Siberia.
As evidence of his hypothesis, he cites the surviving testimonies of the Greek scientists Diodorus and Strabo, who took part in the famous campaign. Their duties, in particular, included determining the latitude of the area by the shade of the trees. These measurements, carried out on the days of the summer and winter solstices, showed that Alexander's army was located between 47 and 64 degrees north latitude, which corresponds to southern Siberia.
According to the chairman of the Tomsk branch of the Russian Geographical Society, Pyotr Okishev, N. Novgorodov's hypothesis is very interesting and very convincing. It is confirmed by historical descriptions of a huge river estuary, where Alexander's ships reached. Perhaps we are talking about the Ob Bay or the Yenisei Gulf.
It is also known that at the end of the eastern campaign, by order of Alexander, 12 altars were built to offer sacrifices to the Greek gods. N. Novgorodov believes that they were located at the site of 12 barrows on the banks of the Basandaika river near the village of Anikino, in the Tomsk region. In favor of his hypothesis, some objects of that era, stored in the Biysk, Orenburg local history museums and in the Hermitage, also speak.