"DeepFake", which means "deep fake" in translation, is not only an English-language verbal remake. Today, deepfake is, first of all, a rapidly developing, accessible and rapidly gaining popularity among Internet users technology for synthesizing images using artificial intelligence.
There are very good reasons for concern about its use. The fact is that DeepFake is developing much faster than many expected, terrifying with its potential.
It is worth admitting that the technology is becoming more and more qualitative, and soon we will not be able to determine where the heroes of the video are genuine, and where are fabricated by a computer.
Inexperienced viewers of YouTube, where such products are becoming more and more, will not be superfluous to know a few tips for detecting DeepFake.
1. Pay attention to the resolution and the difference in the rendering quality of the face elements and the rest of the video. The original videos are usually of a higher quality than the pasted video. A typical example is the demo video with the head of Steve Buscemi "transplanted" onto the body of Jennifer Lawrence.
2. A sure sign of DeepFake - if the face is hidden or shown at an acute angle. This often results in blurry artifacts or unnatural movements. An example of this is the "fusion" of images of Jim Carrey and Jack Nicholson from the movie "The Shining".
3. Unnatural facial scales also indicate falsification of by cameras mounted at different angles. The result is faces of different sizes, as can be seen in the example of Sylvester Stallone in the "role" of the Terminator.
4. Pay attention to unnatural boundaries and transitions. Border parts of the face (chin, eyebrows, cheekbones, facial hair, freckles, and birthmarks) can alternate between the original and the swap. Any discrepancy is evidence of a deep forgery. An example is the "gluing" of Bill Hader and Tom Cruise.
5. Another sign of counterfeiting is unnatural skin tones. Comparison of skin tone with facial movements, especially at the border, gives DeepFake. To do this, just watch a fragment with the participation of a character cobbled together from Jim Carrey and Alison Brie.
Deep counterfeiting technology will inevitably evolve. In order not to be deceived by another example of it, it is worth starting to train the eye and develop critical thinking.