40% of all electricity in the European Union is spent on maintenance of buildings, residential and work premises. And they also account for 36% of all carbon dioxide emissions. Back in 2010 in Norway at the first congress of the Powerhouse alliance, the question was raised: is it possible to transform buildings into a tool for solving global climate problems? Today, before the opening of the Brattørkaia power plant and after the construction of dozens of new-class facilities, the answer is clear - yes, you can.
Norway is a leader in the construction of climate-conscious buildings. And this is important - if something like this can be built in this cold and snowy region, then it will not be difficult to repeat the experience in other countries. The concept of such an architecture is based on minimizing communication lines and simultaneously increasing their functions. And also the use of composite materials with desired properties, the production of which is also designed to reduce energy costs and emissions.
There are no uniform schemes for such construction, but many solutions have already been created, from which an architect can assemble almost any building. For example, huge laminated glass windows are solar collectors, and energy from solar panels on the roof is stored in energy wells. The metal fasteners have been replaced with carbon-fiber reinforced plastic, the insulation is made of shredded plastic bottles, there are windows in the inner walls for passive light transmission, and the shaft of the spiral staircase is also a ventilation pipe. Already with such a set, you can reduce the energy consumption for lighting, heating and ventilation of the building by 80-85%.
If you know the trajectory of the sun across the sky throughout the year, you can design a large, sloping glass roof that captures as much of our star's light as possible. Add information about the wind rose for the air inlets and you have passive ventilation all year round from nature. If you show your imagination and apply advanced technology, you can make any building "energetically positive", from an airport to an entire city block. An architecture that does not oppose nature, but works in symbiosis with it, does not require colossal energy expenditures for an endless struggle with the weather for the sake of a simple opportunity to live and enjoy life.