Modern science is opening up more and more possibilities for obtaining alternative fuels. Thus, a group of European chemists have developed a technology for producing synthetic fuel of the future - SOLAR-JET, which is produced from water, carbon dioxide and solar energy.
The fuel is created in a plant that feeds water and carbon dioxide, which are exposed to concentrated sunlight. There, in a special reactor made of a porous material based on cesium oxide, the components are heated, as a result of which synthesis gas is formed, which is a mixture of hydrogen with carbon monoxide. At the final stage, using the Fischer-Tropsch reaction, the resulting product is processed into kerosene.
To obtain 1 liter of kerosene, you need 3 to 4 liters of water, which is about 3 liters less than for gasoline. The reactor power is 3 kW, the maximum efficiency is more than 3.5%. Scientists hope to bring this figure to 20%. The installation with an area of 1 square kilometer will be able to produce daily up to 20 thousand liters of environmentally friendly fuel for cars, aviation and rocket technology.